Isaiah ca. 700 BC
Isaiah 52:13-53:12 Dead Sea Scroll:
52:13 Behold, my servant shall prosper, he shall be exalted and lifted up, and shall be very high.
52:14 Just as many were astonished at you (his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men),
52:15 so shall he sprinkle many nations; kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they understand.
53:1 Who has believed our message? To whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?
53:2 For he grew up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground. He has no form nor comeliness. When we see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.
53:3 He was despised, and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering; as one from whom men hide their face, and we despised him; and we did not value him.
53:4 Surely he has borne our sufferings, and carried our pains; yet we considered him plagued, struck by God, and afflicted.
53:5 But he was pierced for our transgressions. He was crushed for our iniquities. The punishment that brought our peace was on him; and by his wounds we are healed.
53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray. Everyone has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
53:7 He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he didn't open his mouth. As a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is mute, so he didn't open his mouth.
53:8 He was taken away by oppression and judgment; and as for his generation, who considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living and stricken for the disobedience of my people?
53:9 They made his grave with the wicked, and with a rich man in his death; although he had done no wrong, neither was any deceit in his mouth.
53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him. He has caused him to suffer. When you make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his offspring. He shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
53:11 After the suffering of his soul, he will see light and be satisfied. My righteous servant will justify many by the knowledge of himself; and he will bear their iniquities.
53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he poured out his soul to death, and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sins of many, and made intercession for their transgressions.
Isaiah 53:1 -- John 12:37-38; Romans 10:16-17
Isaiah 53:4 -- Matthew 8:16-17
Isaiah 53:5-6 -- 1Peter 2:24-25
Isaiah 53:7-8 -- Acts 8:32-35
Isaiah 53:9 -- 1Peter 2:22
Isaiah 53:12 -- Luke 22:37
10 I will pour on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplication; and they will look to me whom they have pierced [Hebrew: daqaru]; and they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for his only son, and will grieve bitterly for him, as one grieves for his firstborn.
Zechariah 12:10 -- John 19:34; Revelation 1:7